Researchers are still not sure what causes endometriosis, but it is clear that the female hormone estrogen, which stops being produced during menopause, feeds the growth of abnormal endometrial tissue.
Unfortunately, for most young teens and women in their reproductive years, menopause is still many years away, which means they are left to deal with the painful symptoms of endometriosis, with no relief in sight. You can get detailed information about endometriosis treatments via https://endometriosisassn.org/about-endometriosis/treatments.
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Hormone therapy is one of the most successful treatments for endometriosis, as it helps around 80-90% of the women who take it. Hormone therapy controls estrogen, helping to alleviate pain caused by endometriosis. It can also reduce the size and amount of endometrial implants, stopping endometriosis from spreading.
The following is information about the most popular forms of hormone therapies used to treat endometriosis:
Birth control pills – This is the most popular therapy and is considered safe to use for long term use. A woman can generally use it until menopause. Birth control pills are designed to control menses and stop ovulation. Without ovulation, endometrial implants can no longer grow and will shrink.
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRH-a) – This therapy decreases estrogen levels to those experienced after menopause, and can only be taken for the short term (no more than 6 months). GnRH-a increases the risk of bone loss, which can cause osteroporosis, and is why it is usually taken with progestin to help prevent thinning of bones and other menopausal symptoms.