The use of chemicals to assist in cleaning clothes has existed from ancient times when Italy used a mixture of sulfur and water with charcoal to clean clothes. The Egyptians used silicate ash and soften water. Soap is the first detergents used in washing clothes and the use of certain synthetic detergent surfactant found in Germany in the First World War when there was a shortage of soap.
As things moved into the 1930s the fatty alcohols are commercially produced and developed by the sulphate ester produced by companies such as US giant Proctor and Gamble. This lasted until after the Second World War when propylene tetra developed in aviation fuel and then used in detergents. You can navigate this site to get more information about c.ommercial laundry services.
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The enzyme has been explored by Rohm in the early 1900s, but of limited use until the end of the century when a powerful bacterial enzyme thermal becomes available.
Soap nearly been replaced in developed countries as a cleaning agent as the most effective compared to the quantity used. Hard water can reduce the effectiveness of almost zero and the soap in the 1950s has been almost completely replaced by alkyl sultanate benzene, unfortunately this was found to be very poor in their ability to be biodegradable and has been replaced by linear alkyl benzene sultanate (LAB).
This detergent is composed of a water softener that sodium triphosphate is the most common. Whitening is sometimes added that the target of vegetable items such as chlorophyll and tannins and others, they are composed of an oxidant such as sodium speech and others.
Enzymes are often included and can be made up to 2% of the product and have to destroy the stubborn stains consist of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. Each type of stains requires different enzymes to address the different causes so that the mixture can be quite complicated.